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League of Women Voters

North Dakota Voting Guide

Registration Deadlines
In Person:
No registration is necessary
By Mail:
No registration is necessary
Election Dates:
Tuesday, November 6, 2018 (General Election)
Secretary of State
600 E Boulevard Avenue
Bismarck, ND 58505-0500
Phone:
701-328-4146
Fax:
701-328-2992

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible to vote in North Dakota, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years old on Election Day
  • A legal North Dakota resident
  • A resident in the precinct for 30 days preceding the election

For the purposes of voting, a person may have only one residence, shown by an actual fixed permanent dwelling, or any other abode. Residency in North Dakota is defined as:

  • Every person has a residence. It is the place where one remains when not called elsewhere for labor or other special or temporary purpose, and to which he or she returns in seasons of repose.
  • There can be only one residence.
  • A residence cannot be lost until another is gained.
  • The residence can be changed only by the union of act and intent.

For a copy of the voter's affidavit, please visit your state's resource.

ID Needed for Voter Registration

No registration is necessary.

ID Needed for Voting?

Acceptable forms of identification must include, name, date of birth and your street address. P.O. Boxes do not establish residency and CANNOT be accepted. If you do not have the below acceptable forms of ID, you may still cast your ballot by signing a declaration or affidavit at the polls.

Acceptable forms of identification are:

  • Driver's license
  • Non-driver's ID card
  • Tribal government issued ID card
  • Long-term car ID certificate (provided by ND facility)

If you are voting absentee, acceptable forms of ID are:

  • Any forms of ID listed above
  • Passport or Military ID - Only for ND residents living outside the US who do not possess one of the other forms of ID
  • Attester - an applicant without acceptable form of ID may use an attester. The attester must provide his or her name, ND drivers license, non-driver's, or tribal ID number and sign the absentee/mail ballot application form to attest to the applicant's ND residency and voting eligibility.

If you don't have the acceptable form of ID, you can get one from your local Drivers License Center.

Registration Deadline

There is no voter registration.

Verify Voter Registration

There is no voter registration.

Absentee Ballot Process

Absentee voting is easy and available for all voters in North Dakota. Absentee voting related forms include the following:

Applications for absentee ballots may be delivered to the appropriate county auditor or election official by mail, in person, or by fax. For more information, please consult with your voting assistance officer, the Secretary of State's office, or your county auditor's.

According to North Dakota law, absentee ballots are to be made available by the 40th day before the election. Absentee ballots must be returned and postmarked by the day before the election.

To apply for an absentee ballot you must apply for an absent voter's ballot on a form furnished by the proper officer of the county, city, or school district where you generally reside, or on any blank sheet of paper containing the following information:

  • Your name
  • Your most current or most recent ND residential address
  • Your mailing address
  • Your current home telephone number
  • The election for which the ballot is being requested
  • The date of the request
  • An affirmation that you have resided in the precinct for at least 30 days
  • Your signature
  • Proper ID - see "ID Needed for Voting" section for more information

Some Special Circumstances to consider:

In North Dakota, you are not required to provide a reason when requesting a ballot to vote absentee.

Overseas citizens and U.S. military personnel can register to vote and request an absentee ballot at the Overseas Vote Foundation.

Overseas and Military Voters

You are a Military or Overseas voter if you are in uniformed services, living overseas OR a spouse or dependant of a uniformed services voter. To get registered and vote, you can utilize Overseas Vote Foundation.

If you have additional questions about elections and voting overseas you can use our state specific elections official directory or contact the Overseas Vote Foundation.

Early Voting

Early voting is available and no excuse is required. Please check with local county election officials for specific dates and times.

Election Dates

The next election date is Tuesday, November 6, 2018 (General Election). Registration is not required.

Contact your local Board of Elections for more information.

Poll Worker Information

In order to be a poll worker in North Dakota:

  • You must be registered to vote in North Dakota
  • You must be at least 18 years of age
  • Political affiliation required
  • You will be entitled to compensation
  • You must be a resident of the precinct for the 30 days prior to the election
  • You must complete required training
  • Students 16 or 17 years old who meet all other voter requirements may be appointed if they are students in good standing at a North Dakota high school

To sign up, contact your local board of elections.

Polling Place Hours

Most polls are open 7am- 7pm. Some polls may open earlier or close later. It is best to check with your local county election officials before Election Day.

Time Off To Vote

The law encourages employers to provide time off to vote when an employee's regular work schedule conflicts with the times polls are open. This policy however is voluntary.

Polling Place Locator

You can find your polling place by utilizing your state resource.

If you have further questions on your polling place location, please contact your county clerk.

Provisional Voting

In North Dakota, there is no need for provisional voting, since there is no voter registration process.

Voting Machines

The voting systems used in North Dakota are optical scan and DRE.

Optical Scan: With this system, you will receive a card or sheet of paper, which you take over to a private table or booth. The card has the names of the various candidates and ballot measures printed on it. With a pen or pencil you fill in a little box or circle or the space between two arrows. When you are finished filling out all the cards, you may bring the cards over to a ballot box, where poll workers will show you how to put the cards in the box. Or in some places, you may feed the completed cards or papers into a computer device that checks your card or paper right there at the polling place to make sure you have voted the way you want to and counts the votes.

Direct Recording Electronic (DRE): This is the newest kind of system in use in the U.S. All the information about who and what you are voting for is on an electronic screen like a TV or computer screen.

There are many variations of DREs because lots of companies are inventing new ones, and many cities, counties and states are trying them out. Usually, after you have signed in, the poll workers will give you a card that you slide into a device to start your voting session.

Some of these devices will show all of the candidates and ballot choices on one big screen. Often, with these big screen devices you push a button next to the name of the candidate you want to vote for (or yes or no on a ballot measure). On other DREs, the screen is set up to show pages. On each screen or page, there will probably be one thing to vote on. For example, on one screen or page, you might vote for president. Then you might move to the next page to vote for senator. Often these small-screen devices have a touch screen, where you touch the screen next to the name of the person you want to vote for. Other devices have a key pad. And some have a keyboard, so you can write in the name of someone you want to vote for.

You let the system know you are finished voting by pushing a button, touching the screen or entering something on a keypad.

You can learn more about voting systems by checking out the Elections Assistance Commission's (EAC) resource.

Candidate and Ballot Measure Information

Information on local, state and federal candidates and ballot measures may be available here.

To see a list of available races, visit the race index.

Provisions for Voters with Disabilities

If you are a disabled voter you may be accompanied by, and receive assistance from, another person of your choice in the voting booth, unless the person is an employer, officer or agent of your union, a candidate running in that election, or a relative of a candidate. The polling place building should have several routes through it, and sufficient signs should be in place to direct you to the most accessible route to the polling location.

For more information you can utilize the American Association of People With Disabilities (AAPD) resource.

Campaign Finance Information

To find out more about federal campaign contributions, please visit Open Secrets.

To find out more about state campaign contributions, please visit your state's resource.


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