Vermont Voting Information
- Absentee Ballot Process
- Campaign Finance Information
- Candidate and Ballot Measure Information
- Early Voting
- Election Dates
- Eligibility Requirements
- ID Needed for Voter Registration
- ID Needed for Voting?
- Overseas and Military Voters
- Poll Worker Information
- Polling Place Hours
- Polling Place Locator
- Provisional Voting
- Provisions for Voters with Disabilities
- Registration Deadline
- Time Off To Vote
- Verify Voter Registration
- Voting Machines
Absentee Ballot Process
You can request an absentee ballot through phone, fax, email, mail, in person or online. All requests must be submitted by 5pm or the close of the Town Clerk's office on the day before the election.
There are several ways for you to vote absentee by mail.
Vote at Home on Election Day. If you are sick or disabled a ballot can be delivered to your home on election day. You must request an absentee ballot before 5pm on the day before the election. On election day, two justices of the peace will deliver a ballot to you and then will bring the ballot back to the polling place so it can be counted.
Vote by Mail. Any voter can request that the town clerk mail them an early voter absentee ballot. Once voted, you can return the ballot to the clerk in the envelope included with the ballot. The clerk must receive the ballot by the close of the polls on Election Day to be counted. You can request a ballot at any time before an election and clerks will mail absentee ballots within the 45 days before the election.
Hand Delivered Ballots. A voter may pick up a ballot at the town clerk's office at any time beginning 45 days before the general or primary election. You can deliver the voted ballot in a sealed envelope to the clerk on or before election day. The ballot can be returned to the clerk or delivered to the polling place by the voter or any person the voter authorizes to return the ballot for them. However, you can only pick up your own ballot from the clerks office.
Campaign Finance Information
Candidate and Ballot Measure Information
Early voting is also available in Vermont with no excuse required. You may vote at your town clerk's office in person any time 45 days before a primary or general election or 20 days before a municipal election.
The next election date is Tuesday, August 11, 2020 (Primary Election). There is no specific deadline for mailed or online registration applications. Try and submit your application 2-4 weeks before an election to be sure your information is received and approved. Election Day registration is available.
Contact your local Board of Elections for more information.
To be eligible to vote in Vermont you must be:
- A U.S. citizen
- A resident of Vermont
- A person who has taken the Voter's Oath (formerly called the Freeman's Oath)
- 18 years of age or older on or before Election Day
ID Needed for Voter Registration
If you are registering for the first time by mail or online, you must include a photocopy of an acceptable form of ID. These include:
- A valid photo ID (driver's license or passport)
- A copy of a current utility bill
- A copy of a current bank statement
- A copy of another government document
You must also include your driver's license number or the last four digits of your Social Security Number on the application in order for it to be approved.
If you are registering for the first time in Vermont you must take the Voter's Oath. The Vermont voter registration form contains the voter's oath that must be taken.
ID Needed for Voting?
First-time voters that registered by mail and did not provide verification are required to show identification at the polls.
Overseas and Military Voters
You are a Military or Overseas voter if you are in uniformed services, living overseas OR a spouse or dependent of a uniformed services voter. To get registered and vote, you can utilize Overseas Vote Foundation.
If you have additional questions about elections and voting overseas you can use our state specific elections official directory or contact the Overseas Vote Foundation.
Poll Worker Information
In order to be a poll worker in Vermont:
- You must be registered to vote in Vermont
- You will be entitled to compensation
- You must be at least 18 years of age
- Political affiliation considered
- You must be a resident of the voting district
- You must complete required training
- Students who are 16 and 17 years old may be appointed as assistant elections officers
To sign up, contact your local board of elections.
Polling Place Hours
All polls are open from between 5am and 10am and close at 7pm.
Polling Place Locator
Provisional ballots are counted 2 days after the election.
A provisional ballot is only used if a person trying to vote at the polling place is not on the checklist and cannot affirm they registered to vote by the deadline.
Provisional ballots are eligible if they are cast in the correct jurisdiction.
Provisions for Voters with Disabilities
Polling places must allow all voters to conveniently and privately cast their votes. This means that polling places should be accessible to all voters, including people with physical and mental disabilities, as well as the elderly. All polling places in Vermont should be physically accessible. If you find a polling place that is not, you should notify the secretary of state's office, who will work with the town to ensure that steps are taken to make it accessible. If you have a unique accessibility need, you should give the town reasonable advance notice so that the town can take steps to accommodate your needs.
If you are sick or disabled, you can ask that election officials bring a ballot to your car, as long as the car is next to the polling place. Two election officials will bring the ballot to the car and assist you if you request it, and then they will return to the polling place and place the completed ballot in the ballot box or optical scan machine. All voters have the right to have someone assist them in voting and voters may bring in devices, such as a magnifying glass to help them vote.
If you require assistance and have brought someone with you to help, simply tell the election officials that you have someone to help you with the voting process. The person providing assistance can be anyone of your choosing, as long as the person helping is not your employer or union representative. You should not have to reveal that you have a disability or why you may need assistance. The person helping can do such things as read the ballot to you, help fill out the paper ballots or use the voting machine.
If you need assistance and did not bring someone to the polls to help, two election officials will provide whatever assistance is needed. When you check in to vote, simply tell the election workers that you need assistance. With no questions asked, you must be provided that assistance.
If you spoil a ballot (mark the ballot improperly), or decide to change how you voted before putting the ballot in the ballot box or optical scan machine, you may ask for a new ballot. Every person is allowed to ask for a new ballot, up to three times, but can only cast one vote. If you vote for more than the number of candidates allowed in a particular race, the optical scan machine will reject the ballot to give you the chance to correct the ballot so your votes will count. In towns that count by hand, there will be reminders by the ballot box asking you to check your ballot to correct any overvotes. You can ask for help in putting your ballots into the ballot box or optical scan machine.
The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) required states to implement voting systems that are accessible for individuals with disabilities and permit voters who are blind or visually-impaired to cast their votes privately and independently. The vote-by-phone system purchased by the State of Vermont is designed to meet this mandate. When you go to your polling place and check in at the entrance checklist, indicate that you wish to use the vote-by-phone system. A poll worker uses a designated telephone to call the system, enters the poll worker and ballot access IDs to bring up the appropriate ballot, then gives the phone to you and leaves the voting booth. The system reads the ballot to you and, after you make ballot selections using the telephone key pad, the system prints out a paper ballot at the office of the secretary of state. The paper ballot is automatically scanned and can be played back to you for verification upon your request. You may decide to cast it or discard it and revote.
Every polling place has a telephone voting system available for voters who wish to use it in the primary or general election. The Vote-by-Phone (at the polls) system was created to enable voters with disabilities to vote privately and independently. When you vote-by-phone you listen to the choices using the handset or a headset, and then you mark your ballot by pressing a telephone key pad. The system reads back the paper ballot for you before it is cast so you can be sure that it marked your choices correctly. Find out more information about the vote-by-phone system here.
For more information, you can utilize the American Association of People with Disabilities resource.
Election Day registration is available at the polls. If you would like to register to vote by mail or online, there is no specific deadline. However, it is recommended you submit your application between 2-4 weeks before an election to ensure your application is processed before the election.
Not registered? Use our registration tool to fill out your application!
Time Off To Vote
Time off to vote is subject to the employer. Vermont state law does not require employers to grant time off to vote for employees.
Verify Voter Registration
To verify your voter registration status, please contact your local town clerk's office.
The voting systems used in Vermont are optical scan, paper ballots and vote by phone.
Optical Scan: With this system, you will receive a card or sheet of paper, which you take over to a private table or booth. The card has the names of the various candidates and ballot measures printed on it. With a pen or pencil you fill in a little box or circle or the space between two arrows. When you are finished filling out all the cards, you may bring the cards over to a ballot box, where poll workers will show you how to put the cards in the box. Or in some places, you may feed the completed cards or papers into a computer device that checks your card or paper right there at the polling place to make sure you have voted the way you want to and counts the votes.
Paper Ballots: Paper ballots are one of the oldest ways of voting in America. They are still used in a few places on Election Day. When you come to the polling place, you will get a paper ballot from the poll worker. You take it to the voting booth, and use a pen or pencil to mark a box next to your candidate and issue choices. You then drop the marked ballot into a sealed ballot box.
Vote by Phone: The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) required states to implement voting systems that are accessible for individuals with disabilities and permit voters who are blind or visually-impaired to cast their votes privately and independently. The vote-by-phone system purchased by the State of Vermont is designed to meet this mandate. When you go to your polling place and check in at the entrance checklist, indicate that you wish to use the vote-by-phone system. A poll worker uses a designated telephone to call the system, enters the poll worker and ballot access IDs to bring up the appropriate ballot, then gives the phone to you and leaves the voting booth. The system reads the ballot to you and, after you makes ballot selections using the telephone key pad, the system prints out a paper ballot at the office of the secretary of state. The paper ballot is automatically scanned and can be played back to you for verification upon your request. You may decide to cast it or discard it and revote.
The vote by phone system permits you to practice voting on the system prior to Election Day. You will be able to use any touchtone telephone to call into the system and practice voting to familiarize yourself with the contests and candidates on your ballot. To try out the system and practice voting your ballot, call your local county clerk to get the ballot access 3 digit # for your voting district. Then call (866) 486-3838 to listen and practice voting on the same ballot that you will hear and vote on Election Day. You can call in and practice as many times as you want.
All phone calls are answered by a computer system located at a secure location controlled by authorized election officials. The computer will only permit access to the system from phone numbers that have been entered into the system prior to the election, and only after the proper poll worker and ballot access ID numbers have been entered. The vote-by-phone system will be pre-tested before every election to ensure accurate programming. The system makes no use of the Internet or any other data network, so the system cannot be hacked. The only system input comes from DTMF tones, the distinct sounds generated by the telephone when its buttons are pressed. The vote-by-phone system produces a voter-verified paper ballot for every vote cast and the process can be monitored by observers.
You can learn more about voting systems by checking out the Elections Assistance Commission's (EAC) resource.